Beginning in 1998 until 2000, he worked as a lecturer in the Department of Mathematics at Makerere University. He was a senior lecturer in the Institute of Computer Science at Makerere from 2001 until 2006 (which was transformed into the Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Computing and IT (FCI)). He then became an associate professor, and, in November 2006, he was made a professor, continuing to teach until August 2012 at FCI. From October 2005 until June 2010, he served as the dean of FCI. From November 2009 until August 2012, he was vice chancellor of Makerere University. At Uganda Technology and Management University, he has served since September 2012 as the vice chancellor and as a professor of computer science in the School of Computing and Engineering.
Former Prime Minister Patrick Amama Mbabazi was also born in western Uganda, in Mparo Village, Rukiga County, in present-day Kabale District on 16 January 1949. He attended Kigezi College Butobere for his highschool education. Mbabazi earned a Bachelor of Laws degree from Makerere University in 1975 and received a postgraduate Diploma in Legal Practice from the Law Development Centre in Kampala in 1976. He is an Advocate of the Courts of Judicature of Uganda and has been a member of the Uganda Law Society since 1977. Before joining politics, he worked as a state attorney in the Attorney General’s Chambers from 1976 to 1978, rising to the position of secretary of the Uganda Law Council from 1977 to 1979.
Between 1986 and 1992, he served as head of Uganda’s top spy organisation, the External Security Organization popularly known by locals as ESO. He has also served as Minister of State in the President’s Office, in charge of political affairs. Between 1986 and 1992, he was Minister of State for Defence. Subsequently, he served as Minister of State for Regional Cooperation from 1998 to 2001. In 2004, he was appointed as Attorney General and Minister of Justice. He held that portfolio until he was appointed as Minister of Defence in 2006, a position he held until he was appointed as Minister of Security where he served from February 2009 until May 2011, when he was appointed Prime Minister.
In 1994, he served as a delegate to the Constituent Assembly that drew up the 1995 Ugandan Constitution. He became secretary of the NRM caucus in the Constituent Assembly and was Secretary General of the NRM from November 2005 to January 2015. Mbabazi has represented Uganda in international fora, including the United Nations Security Council where he argued for the international community to allow the Uganda People’s Defense Force to pursue the Lord’s Resistance Army fighters into the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He also represented Uganda at the signing of the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement that resulted in the resolution of the Second Congo War.